Have you come across the terms “Front-End” & “Back-End” development and wondered what the difference is? Lucky for you we have “compiled” a brief description on both.
Firstly, what even is a Front-End & a Back-End?
A Front-End is a system that displays information to the user without being involved in its underlying operation, handling inputs and outputs. Basically, the Front-End of a system is what a user would interact with. This ranges from your computers operating system, a well-known spreadsheet software to the most used search engine and your favourite photo sharing app.
A Back-End is a system that performs the actual processing of information. Back-end development consists of all code that is handled after the client or user makes an action on the (Front-End) interface.
The Back-End is any system that performs actions on behalf of an application or website without directly sending or receiving data with users. Front-End systems typically do not contain the complete functionality required to operate a Back-End system autonomously; they require at least one extra layer of components between them and the computer's operating system, which acts as a communications layer translating requests from the Front-End to instructions for use by the backend component(s).
Let’s dive a bit deeper into Front-End Development.
Front-End developers are in charge of putting visual elements of a website into place. They also aid with website development duties such as navigation, buttons, and anything else that improves the site's overall exposure.
Front-End Frameworks are constantly improving to cater for faster, dynamic and intuitive interfaces. Front-End Framework examples are:
React- An open source Front-End framework building user interfaces or UI components. React was originally developed and used by Facebook and is still being used today.
Angular – A TypeScript based open source web app framework which usually deal with the development of mobile and web development. Companies such as Microsoft office use Angular.
Okay, I have an idea, let’s connect the Front with the Back-End.
Server-side development is referred to as Back-End development. Databases, scripting, and website architecture are all covered. It describes the operations that take place behind the scenes when a user performs a specific activity on a website. It could be logging into an account or purchasing anything from an internet retailer. Back-End developers write code that allows browsers to interface with database information.
Successful Back-End developers know more than just how to code. They have a highly analytical mind-set, as well as a number of other attributes that aid in the creation of excellent code. The tech team includes more than just Back-End developers. They must collaborate not just with one another, but also with Front-End developers, designers, IT infrastructure teams, and others.
Back-End Frameworks are constantly being developed to support increased functionality and features to systems. Back-End Framework examples are:
Django – An open-source backend framework based on python programming language. Suitable for the development of sophisticated and feature-rich database-driven websites like Instagram
Laravel - a web application framework with expressive, elegant syntax. Laravel PHP Development is one of the most expressive and rich web application frameworks which is also used by Pfizer
Express.js – An open source web application framework for Node.js, designed for building API’s and web apps such as Twitter.
Now, to bring it all together
To put into perspective - consider the Front-End as a restaurant menu; it allows you to choose from a menu of items that have been brought out from another room. Consider the Back-End to be the kitchen. It serves as a secret location where the chef prepares your meal.
Front-End developers are in charge of putting visual elements on a website, whereas Back-End developers are in charge of server-side development.
Back-End developers apply algorithms and resolve system-related difficulties, whereas Front-End developers focus on the design and UI/UX of a website or application.
We can now conclude that to create a Good Software Solution, the knowledge of both the Front-end and Back-end is needed. Without a suitable Front-end, it won't have a UX & without a well established Back-end, it won't ensure data security and management. So for an Innovative & Outstanding Software Solution, both are very much important.
So there we have it; Front-End and Back-End development. From an application or website perspective – both are pinnacle towards a successful build. As someone looking into a career in development, becoming specialized in either Front or Back-End will allow you to excel as key members of a development team. If you are interested in both, you may have heard the term “Full Stack Developer”, which in short is a combo of front and Back-End development!
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